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Flora

Flora and descriptions for Sportsman Creek Conservation Area

An erect shrub growing to 2 metres on the Conservation Area and endemic to Australia. 

A small spreading, native perennial herb or shrub to .3metre. Very common across the Conservation Area where it spreads by suckering in the sandy soil.

Further reading; www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/gnp13/chrysocephalum-apiculatum.html

“Densely tufted grass-like native herb with stiff tough leaves. The flowers range from blue to purple and have 3 broad sepals. They are delicate and short lived, opening one after another on sunny days”. Named after Colonel William Paterson, Lieut-Governor of N.S.W. 1800-1810. Found in small groups along the riparian zone.

Further reference;  www.friendsoflanecovenationalpark.org.au/Flowering/Flowers/patersonia_sericea.htm

An aquatic, perennial native herb. An important food source for Waterfowl. “This plant may be a hidden resource, eventually seen as a valuable cellulose feed  stock in a biofuel refinery. Cellulose ethanol could also be a future jet fuel source”. Found in the riparian zone on the Conservation Area.

Further reading ; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myriophyllum 

Found flowering during a plant survey in the Conservation Area today.

I.D. courtesy of John Edwards.

(Ex- Caledenia quadrifaria)  Found in the Conservation Area on Sunday during the Festival of Nature guided walk.

I.D. courtesy of John Edwards.

 

 

Flowering across the Conservation Area and attracting birds, bats and gliders to the feast.

An evergreen tree or shrub, growing to 5 metres. “Fire sensitive species survive fires as buried seed which tend to germinate prolifically after disturbance. These seeds require at least 8 years interval between fires. The fleshy, edible fruits of Persoonia species are adapted for animal dispersal.”

Further reference – http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persoonia

Image of the fragrant flowers on a Red Ash. A medium sized hardwood of the drier types of coastal rainforests making a strong recovery across the wildlife refuge. Although not a commercial species the heartwood is a rich red orange and has applications for decorative veneer and ornamental turnery and joinery. Medicinally, leaves were crushed with water and applied to the head to reduce headache and sore eyes. Infusions of the bark and root were rubbed on bodies to reduce muscular aches. The crushed leaves can be lathered to produce a bush soap, as they contain saponin. This tree has many common names including, Soap Tree, Leatherjacket,  culgera-culgera ( northern New South Wales), murrung and Coopers Wood to name a few.

Further reference- www.brisrain.webcentral.com.au/01_cms/details_pop.asp?ID=21

 

A common deciduous native climber on the wildlife refuge which grows along the coastal gullies and woodlands of Eastern Australia. Also known as “Sweet Tea” which was used in the early days of the colony in Port Jackson for treating scurvy, cough and chest complaints. No doubt, learnt from the Indigenous people of the area who also chewed the young leaves and ripe fruits which contain “glyciphyllin” for chest ailments.  Fresh leaves are still used today, boiled and drunk cold for natural health remedies.

Further reference; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smilax_glyciphylla

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By Jeff Keyes

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