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Threatened Species

Listed Threatened species found at Sportsman Creek Conservation Area

Typical hawk-owl, with yellow, staring eyes and no facial disc. It has an unmistakable, quick, dog-like “wouk-wouk” territorial call, which it repeats. It also has a terrifying “high-pitched tremulous scream” that has earned it the name “screaming-woman bird”. These birds are sparsely distributed across N.S.W. It is rarely recorded in the far west or in coastal and escarpment forests. Considered a Threatened Species of  Conservation Concern. They have been regular winter visitors to Sportsman creek wildlife refuge and hunt for Gliders and other small mammals.

Reference;  DEC/N.S.W.  Threatened Species

Photo Image Credit;  Ambersky3

“Typically roost in conspicuous camps in lowland rainforest and swamp forest, often in isolated remnants or on islands in rivers”. Image taken in a seasonal camp on the Island at Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge.

Reference;  Threatened Species of the Upper North Coast of N.S.W.       N.P.W.S.

An adult Squirrel Glider about to be carefully released after a night survey of  fauna at Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge. They feed on insects, sap and nectar and are restricted to stands of mixed forest that contain at least one species of winter-flowering eucalypt or banksia that can contribute to a reliable, year-round food supply.

“Little Bentwing bats are small chocolate-brown insectivorous bats with a body length of 4.5 cm. The fur is long and thick, especially over the crown and around the neck. The bent tip of the wing is formed by a particularly long joint of the third finger”. A recent night survey on Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge used Harp trapping to capture and record (size and sex) for a number of these bats. They are listed as a Threatened  species on the Far North Coast due to increased use of pesticides and fragmentation of habitat.

Reference;   Threatened Species of the Far North Coast of N.S.W.  N.P.W.S.

Resembling dried leaves is perfect night camoflage for this Threatened Species of Green-thighed frog. Conservation actions include protecting the natural actions of local flooding and maintaining vegetation and leaf litter around ponds, dams, drainage lines and other moist areas.

This large gliding possum inhabits the tall eucalypts on Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge. They can cover up to 100 metres in a single glide. Classified as a Threatened species and mammal for Conservation Concern. They occur in family groups of 2 or more and nest in tree hollows where they build substantial, spherical nests of eucalyptus leaves.

References;  N.P.W.S.  Threatened Species of the Upper North Coast of N.S.W.

Image Credit;  R. Whitford.

This Brush-tailed Phascogale was temporarily caught in an Elliot trap during a night survey at Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge. Classified as a  Threatened species and a mammal for Conservation Concern as they are patchily distributed along the eastern seaboard. They primarily inhabit drier forests and woodlands with hollow bearing trees and sparse ground cover. They feed mainly on invertebrates and nectar from flowering eucalypts, will also feed on verterbrates if the opportunity arises.

Reference; N.P.W.S. Threatened Species of the Upper North Coast of N.S.W. Fauna.

Declared a Threatened species these noisy gregarious birds live in family groups to about 15 birds. They build a very large thick stick nest with sticks projecting below and above the side entrance to make a hood and platform. They nest communally with several females laying and one brooding female being fed by the troop. These birds live and breed at Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge.

Reference: Morcombe M. Field Guide to Australian Birds.



This nocturnal Squirrel Glider inhabits the Bloodwood and Ironbark forest on the refuge. These gliders inhabit areas which provide abundant insects, sap of wattles and gums, nectar , pollen and seeds. Photograph taken in winter with Glider feeding in winter flowering Coastal Banksia. They are listed as  Threatened species and fauna of Conservation concern due to land clearing and fragmentation of forest habitat.  They can glide over 50 metres between trees.

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By Jeff Keyes