Gathering fibres from dead wood and plant stems, which they mix with saliva to construct water-resistant nests made of grey or brown papery material. Paper wasps secrete a chemical which repels ants. They will usually only attack if they feel threatened and bites are painful. These wasps are beneficial in their natural habitat and are critically important in natural biocontrol on caterpillars, flies and beetles. Found across Sportsman Creek wildlife refuge, usually on fence lines.
Reference; Wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper wasp.