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An Endoxyla species possibly either E. encalypti (Wattle Goat Moth) or E. leucomochla (Wijuti Grub Moth.) The larval species dig under ground or bore into trees and feed on the sap and roots. As adults they have no mouth parts and live on the stored fats. Adult moths have a large wingspan up to 16cm. E. encalypti species are found along the entire East Coast and considered an Endangered species. E. leucomochla feed specifically on Acacia species. A first time sighting on the Conservation Area.

I.D. courtesy of Don Herbison-Evans further reference available at

Found feeding on Spotted gum tree for wood boring grubs.

Captured with our Trail camera is this female Painted Button Quail. A bird which feeds both day and night for seeds and insects and is reasonably common and widespread. A new species for the Conservation Area.

I.D. courtesy of D. Eggins.

Common Welcome Swallow in mud nest feeding brood of chicks.

Brown Quail chick

This attractive moth has a wingspan around 6cm with a dark subtle pattern including an eye spot on each forewing broken by a bold diagonal white line across each wing. Found over the north-east quarter of Australia and a new species for the Conservation Area with no common name. (Butler 1877.)

I.D. courtesy of Don Herbison-Evans further reference:

Donuca lanipes Moth



The caterpillar of the Orchard or Citrus Swallowtail Butterfly. “Although this caterpillar is a pest on suburban lemon trees it is one of the most interesting caterpillars in Australia. Both its structure and its behaviour have evolved to an extraordinary degree to give it protective mechanisms against predators. It also grows into one of the largest butterflies to grace suburban gardens.”

Further reference available at

I.D. courtesy of Don Herbison Evans.

Papilio aegeus Caterpillar

 We are pleased to have reached a significant milestone in our ongoing commitment to the identification, study, research  and sharing of species information through the Sportsmans Creek Conservation Area in the Clarence Valley of Northern New South Wales. Our environmental commitment to this property began as a personal pathway but it soon became obvious that the information we were  gaining deserved to be more widely distributed. A solar powered laptop and the medium of blogging has allowed us to achieve a much wider audience for the 650 identified species of flora and fauna found to date. As of today over one hundred thousand people have visited the web page to learn and research from all around the world including the Natural History Museum of London.

Grey Kangaroo and Joey

Water Scorpion grow to over 50mm long they can extend the tube on their backs out of  the water to breathe air like a snorkel while swimming. They can ambush fast swimming prey such as small fish catching them between their front legs and stabbing them with their pointed probiscus.  Known as Toe-biters able to inflict a nasty nip although this specimen played dead when disturbed. Water Scorpions are also capable fliers and inhabit waterholes over much of Australia.